St. Teresa Margaret Redi – Intimate Friend of the Sacred Heart of Jesus

Those who seek to please God without reservation, at all times and in every situation, draw upon themselves the divine gaze and receive from the Sacred Heart of Jesus the greatest affection and care.

Imagine that entering the library of a monastery, we go to the hagiography section and find a book entitled The Friends of God. It is a mysterious work, written by angelic hands, which presents history to us from the only point of view from which any fact is worth considering: God’s perspective.

St. Teresa Margaret Redi,
Discalced Carmelite Virgin

This precious book summarizes the narration of the deeds – great and tragic, common and extraordinary, glorious and terrible – of souls who have become exemplars of sanctity before Heaven and all humanity.

Taking the volume into our hands, we are enchanted in the very first chapter by the innocent candour and prophetic fortitude of the little shepherds of Fatima, the seers of La Salette and the shepherdess of Masabielle, who received the grace to contemplate the Holy Mother of God and to hear from Her words that would chart the course for future centuries.

Leafing through the pages, we thrill with enthusiasm at the call of figures like St. Ferdinand of Castile, St. Louis IX and St. Joan of Arc, who shone in the firmament of Christianity more for the splendour of their soul than for the flashing of their swords in defence of their homeland and, above all, of the Faith. The integrity with which they wielded the sword imparted to them the mission of guiding whole nations in the light of the Church’s teachings, and the Church, in gratitude, proclaimed them as models of holiness.

In subsequent chapters, we hearken to the echoes of the preaching of the Poverello of Assisi, exhorting the Middle Ages to embrace poverty in a complete rejection of worldliness; we hear the “barking” of the “Lord’s hound”, the great St. Dominic de Guzman, who fearlessly advances upon the heresiarchs who attack Catholic doctrine; we are even able to savour a little of the impeccable logic of St. Ignatius of Loyola.

We continue to page through our wonderful book until, almost at the end, we come across a title that strikes our attention: “The Lord’s closest friends.” This chapter deals with a certain class of souls about whom there would be much and almost nothing to say, for while their heroic virtue earned them the honour of the altars, the beauty of their lives shone only before God.

In an eloquent reference, the author cites the famous motto of the Spanish Requetés – “Before God, there are no anonymous heroes” – and briefly sketches the earthly journey of St. Rafael Arnáiz, St. Bruno and many others. Then, drawn by a sudden attraction, our eyes are riveted to the following title: “The Saint Hidden with Christ in God: St. Teresa Margaret Redi.”1

The question that comes to our mind at this point in our imagined reading is not so much “what great thing did she accomplish?”, but rather “what did she do to achieve such intimacy with God?”

Pious formation under paternal guidance

On July 15, 1747, the small and beautiful city of Arezzo was the setting for the birth of the second of Ignatius Redi and Camilla Balatti’s thirteen children. At the baptismal font she received the name Anne-Marie.

The eminent Balatti family belonged to the nobility of the city of Siena, and Ignatius Redi held a distinguished position as grandmaster of the Military Order of St. Stephen – factors that combined to provide the girl with a peaceful childhood under favourable conditions, regulated by the acts of piety that tradition prescribed. From an early age, she received graces that prepared her well in advance for the mission that God had reserved for her.

The first instrument Providence used to give direction to Anne-Marie’s spiritual path was her own father. A contemplative and pious man, he used to take his daughter on walks that ended up at the Capuchins’ church. Along the way he taught her how to pray the Salve Regina and the litanies, as well as how to look for the Creator in the beautiful Tuscan panorama: in the flowers, in the birds, in the sky… in everything! In this way, Ignatius Redi encouraged his little one to “spot” God in each of His creatures.

Also contributing to her Christian formation was the influence of her uncle Diego, a priest of the Society of Jesus. It was he who, years later, would introduce Anne-Marie to the devotion she enthusiastically embraced and to which she devoted her life: the Sacred Heart of Jesus.

The custom of the time counselled the education of girls in convents, with one of the nuns as tutor. There they received the necessary formation to become good Christian ladies or, perhaps, if they showed signs of a vocation, to enter that same monastery. Thus, when Anne-Marie was nine years old her parents sent her to the Benedictine Monastery of St. Apollonia in the city of Florence.

For seven years it pleased God to keep hidden in that cloister the little gemstone that He was polishing for himself. It is astonishing that one of the few testimonies that remain about her from that time says: “She was a good and normal girl; nothing extraordinary was noted in her behaviour.”2

God destined her, from her earliest youth, to pass unnoticed by human eyes in order to shine only for Him.

Danger sighted: Jansenism

With the outbreak of the Jansenist heresy, characterized by its rigid, formal and gloomy moralism, much of the society of the time had tasted of its poison and was consequently dominated by the almost exclusive consideration of God’s justice, to the exclusion of another of His perfections, goodness.

The cold and corrosive lava of Jansenism even seeped into cloisters and monasteries and threatened to form generations of religious who, only fearing the Lord, would forget the practice of the First Commandment: “Love God above all things.”

It was at this moment in Anne-Marie’s life that Divine Providence revived in her soul the teachings of her father and her uncle Diego, both fervent enthusiasts of devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus that was timidly emerging in France. Although immersed in an environment where God was conceived as a ruthless Judge, the tender love that flowed from the Divine Heart attracted and strengthened her in the resolution she had made in early childhood: to please God in everything.

This devotion was the portal through which the Most High wished to open His intimacy with Anne-Marie, and the solid foundation that enabled her to remain steadfast in her faith amid the rigorist deviations of Jansenism.

Anne-Marie shaped her spiritual life through the contemplation of the mystery of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, especially under the Eucharistic Species, and made the altar her delight. She would remain almost motionless for long hours in a mystical dialogue with Him who “so loved men.”

The superiors of the convent of St. Apollonia, noting the young woman’s tendency to soar to supernatural things, imagined that they would soon have another novice in the community. But God reserved for His daughter an even deeper relationship with His Sacred Heart, amid austerity and silence.

St. Teresa of Avila, San José Convent, Avila (Spain)

Curious call to a vocation

In September 1763, a former student of the school of St. Apollonia appeared at the doors of the establishment to say goodbye to her former teachers. Cecilia Albergotti, a compatriot of Anne-Marie from one of the families of Arezzo’s high society, had decided to enter Carmel in order to seek her sanctification and better serve the Church.

The word “Carmel” resounded in Anne-Marie’s soul with a timbre of mystery and irresistible attraction. Perhaps it suggested to her the feats of St. Elijah, the promise of the coming of the Blessed Virgin into the world, and the invitation to a close commerce with Heaven through radicality, sobriety and contemplation.

While she was talking with Cecilia, Anne-Marie heard, mystically, with her interior senses, a distinct and clear voice that said: “I am Teresa of Jesus and I want you among my daughters!3 Frightened, she ran to the altar to take refuge in the Sacred Heart of Jesus, but to her surprise the voice spoke again, this time leaving no room for doubt: “I am Teresa of Jesus and I want you among my daughters; soon you will be in my monastery.”4

The spiritual heritage left by St. Teresa of Avila is based on the stripping away of earthly things in order to ascend without hindrance to the celestial absolutes. The call that St. Teresa makes to each of her daughters in all things is far from an easy and comfortable one. And perhaps this is precisely the reason why it attracts so many souls thirsting to give themselves to God with heroism.

The decision of the young Anne-Marie to become a Carmelite surprised not only her teachers but also her family. And it brought her a period of trial on account of relatives who secretly harboured the hope that she enter the Benedictine Order.

Ignatius Redi, a prudent and devout man, wanted to try his daughter in the virtues that would be required of her by the strict Carmelite Order. For this reason he obliged her to wait long months in which he tested her docility, solicitude, obedience and, finally, even her faith. The last of these tests was a real interrogation by three illustrious ecclesiastics who, examining her, concluded that the Carmel was the best place for her to love, serve and glorify God.

After this trying period, in which time and waiting conspired as merciless tormenters for Anne-Marie, she finally said goodbye to her family and entered the “garden of God” in the city of Florence.

Another “Teresa” in the Carmel

Apparition of the Sacred Heart of Jesus to St. Margaret Mary Alacoque,
Gesù Church, Miami

Often the beginning of a religious’ journey along the path set out by God is inundated with springtime joys; random episodes, circumstances and people are used by grace as means to unfold the beauty of the ideal they must follow.

For Anne-Marie, her entry into Carmel seemed to be an entrance into terrestrial Paradise. In her writings, she calls her companions in the habit “angels” and declares herself unworthy of being with them.

Her particular community was composed for the most part of elderly religious who saw in the young novice a hope for the continuity of that Carmel, but also the opportunity to satisfy petty selfishness.

The magnanimity of Anne-Marie’s soul was not shaken by the mistreatment she received from some of her sisters in the vocation. On the contrary, she knew, with the help of grace, how to use these little crosses to offer to God a sacrifice of agreeable odour that increasingly conformed her to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, Victim of sinners.

After the novitiate period, the time arrived for her to make her profession among the daughters of St. Teresa. And at the moment of choosing her religious name, Anne-Marie placed herself under the patronage of her founder, and of the great St. Margaret Mary Alacoque, her model in devotion to the Heart of Jesus.

Obedience put to the test

What is known of the life of St. Teresa Margaret behind the cloistered walls is what could be expected of any fervent Carmelite: outstanding obedience, angelic purity and evangelical poverty. We may ask ourselves, then: what extraordinary things did she do to deserve the honour of the altars?

The answer is profoundly simple: by practising these three virtues to a heroic degree, she was faithful to the vow she made in her childhood to “please God in everything.”

The narrations of her life relate a noteworthy episode which illustrates this reality. At one point, her obedience was put to the test when her superior entrusted her with the care of a sister who suffered from dementia. Once an exemplary religious, the sick woman had become extremely hostile, brutish and rebellious. She had fits of madness in which she “demanded to eat precisely what the doctors forbade” or “indignantly rejected what she had wished for just moments before.”5 When her will was not heeded she immediately unleashed all her fury against her benefactor. The young nurse was often insulted and humiliated by her.

There was another nun who had to share the duty of caring for the sick religious with the Saint. To make matters worse, this assistant had a false concept of charity and, in order to avoid mistreatment, she consented to satisfy all the sick woman’s whims.

It was a complicated situation for St. Teresa Margaret: if she took care of the patient’s health according to the norms received, she would draw down on herself a torrent of insults, in addition to the misunderstanding of the other nun, who would blame her for the patient’s angry outbursts; if she consented to some of the desires of both, she would disobey the superior. In this impasse, she preferred to accept shame and affronts, thereby purchasing graces of fortitude and salvation for both the patient and her fellow sister nurse, rather than yielding in matters of obedience.

St. Teresa Margaret Redi –
Church of the Holy Angel, Seville (Spain)

Three words that encompass the plenitude of love

The motto “to please God in everything” was for St. Teresa Margaret a beacon that guided her life outside and inside the monastery.

Her life testifies that those who seek to please the Lord in everything, at all times and in every situation, even adverse, attract the divine gaze and receive from God all the affection and care that the most loving of parents could devote to a weak but faithful child who abandons itself into their arms.

The vow that she had made at a very young age, perhaps with a somewhat puerile awareness of the profound significance of what she promised, became the key to open the Sacred Heart of Jesus and to penetrate into the most intimate relationship with Him. And the Divine Saviour wanted, in His turn, to show her how pleasing that mystical relationship was to Him by granting her an extraordinary grace.

One day, as the community sang the Office together, and “as the choir was praying Terce, upon pronouncing the words ‘Deus caritas est et qui manet in caritate in Deo manet et Deus in eo6 in the reading, Sr. Teresa Margaret felt herself enveloped by a wave of divine love”7 and was brought to experience the fullness of love enclosed in these three words: “Deus caritas est.”

What was shown to her in this ecstasy? God is love… the Holy Spirit is the Love of God. Did the Great Unknown manifest himself to her? With what graces had she been showered, and with what hopes had she been crowned?

Sadly, neither the heavenly communications that St. Teresa Margaret received at this moment, nor her impressions after the fact, have been recorded for history. It is only known that, after this, she was often seen during her daily tasks with her spirit recollected and absorbed in the repetition of the verse “Deus caritas est,” seeming to have her entire soul engaged in mystical communication with the Divine Redeemer.

May we learn, with the help of St. Teresa Margaret, “to please God in all things,” so that we may be brought into His presence, His intimacy and His perpetual joy.

Notes

1 Cf. SCIADINI, OCD, Patricio. Santa Teresa Margarida Redi. Vida, escritos e espiritualidade. São Paulo: Edições Carmelitanas, [s.d.], p.7.
2 Idem, p.16.
3 Idem, p.18.
4 Idem, ibidem.
5 TEODORO DELL’ARCANGELO RAFFAELLO, OCD. Abrégé de la vie de la Servante de Dieu Sœur Thérèse-Marguerite Redi du Cœur de Jésus. Avignon: Seguin Ainé, 1848, p.118.
6 From Latin: “God is love, and he who abides in love abides in God, and God abides in him’’ (1 Jn 4:16).
7 SCIADINI, op. cit., p. 62.







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